(3)CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE ACT OF 1948 AS AMENDED
18 U.S.C. (1982)
CHAPTER 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS
§ 7. Special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United
The term "special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United
States", as used in this title, includes:
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 685; July 12, 1952, ch. 695, 66 Stat.
589; Dec. 21, 1981, Pub. L. 97-96, §6, 95 Stat. 1210.)
||The high seas, any other waters within the admiralty and maritime
jurisdiction of the United States and out of the jurisdiction of any
particular State, and any vessel belonging in whole or in part to
the United States or any citizen thereof, or to any corporation created
by or under the laws of the United States, or of any State, Territory,
District, or possession thereof, when such vessel is within the admiralty
and maritime jurisdiction of the United States and out of the jurisdiction
of any particular State.
||Any vessel registered, licensed, or enrolled under the laws of the
United States, and being on a voyage upon the waters of any of the
Great Lakes, or any of the waters connecting them, or upon the Saint
Lawrence River where the same constitutes the International Boundary
||Any lands reserved or acquired for the use of the United States,
and under the exclusive or concurrent jurisdiction thereof, or any
place purchased or otherwise acquired by the United States by consent
of the legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the
erection of a fort, magazine, arsenal, dockyard, or other needful
||Any island, rock, or key containing deposits of guano, which may,
at the discretion of the President, be considered as appertaining
to the United States.
||Any aircraft belonging in whole or in part to the United States,
or any citizen thereof, or to any corporation created by or under
the laws of the United States, or any State, Territory, district,
or possession thereof, while such aircraft is in flight over the high
seas, or over any other waters within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction
of the United States and out of the jurisdiction of any particular
||Any vehicle used or designed for flight or navigation in space and
on the registry of the United States pursuant to the Treaty on Principles
Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer
Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies and the Convention
on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space, while that vehicle
is in flight, which is from the moment when all external doors are
closed on Earth following embarkation until the moment when one such
door is opened on Earth for disembarkation or in the case of a forced
landing, until the competent authorities take over the responsibility
for the vehicle and for persons and property aboard.
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §451 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321,
§272, 35 Stat. 1142; June 11, 1940, ch. 323, 54 Stat. 304).
The words "The term 'special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the
United States' as used in this title includes:" were substituted for the
words "The crimes and offenses defined in sections 451-468 of this title
shall be punished as herein prescribed."
This section first appeared in the 1909 Criminal Code. It made it possible
to combine in one chapter all the penal provisions covering acts within
the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction without the necessity of repeating
in each section the places covered.
The present section has made possible the allocation of the diverse provisions
of chapter 11 of Title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., to particular chapters restricted
to particular offenses, as contemplated by the alphabetical chapter arrangement.
In several revised sections of said chapter 11 the words "within the special
maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States" have been added.
Thus the jurisdictional limitation will be preserved in all sections of
said chapter 11 describing an offense.
Enumeration of names of Great Lakes was omitted as unnecessary.
Other minor changes were necessary now that the section defines a term rather
than the place of commission of crime or offense; however, the extent of
the special jurisdiction as originally enacted has been carefully followed.
1981-Par. (6). Pub. L. 97-96 added par. (6).
1952-Par. (5). Act July 12, 1952, added par. (5).
Laws of States adopted for areas within Federal jurisdiction, see section
13 of this title.
SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
This section is referred to in sections 13, 112, 878, 1116, 1201 of
this title; title 15 sections 1175, 1243; title 16 section 3372; title 49
App. section 1472.
||Exceptions:Relief from disabilities.
||Rules and regulations.
||Effect on State law.
1968-Pub. L. 90-618, title I, §102, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1214,
reenacted chapter analysis without change.
Pub. L. 90-351, title IV, §902, June 19, 1968, 82 Stat. 226, added
chapter 44 and items 921 to 928.
Unlawful possession or receipt of firearms, see title VII of Pub. L. 90-351,
June 19, 1968, 82 Stat. 236, set out in the Appendix to this title.
CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
This chapter is referred to in section 922 of this title; title 26
section 4182; title 42 section 3795.