Commercial Space Guidelines
|| The fundamental goal of U.S. commercial
space policy is to support and enhance U.S. economic competitiveness
in space activities while protecting U.S. national security and foreign
policy interests. Expanding U.S. commercial space activities will
generate economic benefits for the Nation and provide the U.S. Government
with an increasing range of space goods and services.
|| U.S. Government agencies shall purchase
commercially available space goods and services to the fullest extent
feasible and shall not conduct activities with commercial applications
that preclude or deter commercial space activities except for reasons
of national security or public safety. A space good or service is
"commercially available" if it is currently offered commercially,
or if it could be supplied commercially in response to a government
service procurement request. "Feasible" means that such
goods or services meet mission requirements in a cost-effective manner.
|| The United States will pursue its commercial
space objectives without the use of direct Federal subsidies. Commercial
Sector space activities shall be supervised or regulated only to the
extent required by law, national security, international obligations
and public safety.
|| To stimulate private sector investment,
ownership, and operation of space assets, the U.S. Government will
facilitate stable and predictable U.S. commercial sector access to
appropriate U.S. Government space-related hardware, facilities and
data. The U.S. Government reserves the right to use such hardware,
facilities and data on a priority basis to meet national security
and critical civil sector requirements. Government Space Sectors shall:
|| Enter into appropriate cooperative
agreements to encourage and advance private sector basic research,
development, and operations while protecting the commercial
value of the intellectual property developed.
|| Identify, and propose appropriate
amendments to or the elimination of, applicable portions of
United States laws and regulations that unnecessarily impede
commercial space sector activities.
|| Consistent with national security,
provide for the timely transfer of government-developed space
technology to the private sector in such a manner as to protect
its commercial value, including retention of technical data
rights by the private sector.
|| To the extent feasible, pursue innovative
methods for procurement of space products and services.
|| Free and fair trade in commercial space
launch services is a goal of the United States. In support of this
goal, the United States will implement, at the expiration of current
space launch agreements, a strategy for transitioning from negotiated
trade in launch services towards a trade environment characterized
by the free and open interaction of market economies. The U.S. Trade
Representative, in coordination with the Office of Science and Technology
Policy and the National Economic Council, will develop a strategy
to guide this implementation.
|| Consistent with Executive Order 12046
and applicable statutes, U.S. Government agencies and departments
will ensure that U.S. Government telecommunications policies support
a competitive international environment for space-based telecommunications.