Chapter1. Basic Policy and Space Development
1-1. Basic Policy
Japan promotes the development of space in the context of the domestic and
international situation, and for peaceful purposes, based on the following
|| Promotion of Creative Science Research
and Technology Development We will promote
In addition, we should challenge the unknown, and increase our efforts
to develop creative technologies and systems in order to keep our
technology at an international level, and widen technological applications.
|| Space science which deepens our
understanding of the origins, structures, and evolution of the
universe and the solar system,
|| Earth science which investigates
long-term changes in the global environment, and other matters
related to the use of satellite observation data, as well as,
|| Material and life sciences which
|| Encouragement of Development to Meet
We will make an efforts to apply the results of our development of
space to other areas in society. At the same time, we will encourage
the development of space by keeping close contact with users.
|| Improvements in Space Economics
Special efforts will be made to cut space transportation costs and
to increase the cost/benefit ratio of satellites, to gain public support
for space development.
|| Promotion of International Cooperation
Keeping the characteristics of space development in mind, we will
pursue an active role in international space cooperation, and one
appropriate to Japan's position in the world.
|| Well-Balanced Development of Manned
and Unmanned Space Systems
Taking into account the current level of our technology and scale
of development, we will continue to emphasize unmanned systems, and
develop their reliability and sophistication. Manned systems will
be developed within the framework of international cooperation, such
as our participation in the International Space Station Project.
|| Development of Space Industry
To ensure the smooth and effective development of space, it is important
to ensure the development of a space industry in Japan, including
equipment and component manufacturers. Consideration will therefore
be given to healthy development of the space industry in implementing
Japan's national space development policy.
||Preservation of Space Environment
Space debris has been accumulating since the beginning of space exploration.
Due consideration must therefore be given to preserving the environment
of space by avoiding the production of more space debris in future
|| Japan's space activities are being implemented
under the "Space Development Plan", a Fundamental Policy
of Japan's Space Activities formulated by the Space Activities Commission
(SAC), in line with the spirit of the Fundamental Policy, and the
" Basic Plan for Space Development " laid down by the Prime
Minister acting on SAC's advice.
|| Based upon discussions by SAC subcommittees,
we will evaluate the on-going space projects and their results in
a timely manner, and develop space in a planned but flexible way.
|| Major space activities are classified
into two categories, " development program " and "
research program", according to purpose and mission.
|| The " space development program "
is divided into the following stages :
The program is reviewed every year, and is finalized in the "
Space Development Plan " . The same applies to " research
program " .
|| " development study "
establishing system requirements
|| " development "
design to launch
|| " operation " after launch
|| With space technology becoming increasingly
sophisticated and diverse some of the mission equipment, which requires
high technical know- how and a longer time to development, such as
the Earth observation sensors , will be transferred from the "
research program " stage to the " development program "
stage, if necessary, although there may be some uncertainties in tying
together systems of related.
|| Programs other than " development
" and " research " programs, such as the launching
of applications satellites bought by the government, and the consolidating
facilities, are also dealt with in the " Space Development Plan
||With Japan's financial situation in mind,
we will try to eliminate unnecessary expenses.
||We will cease classifying major space activities
into the "space development series", except for some satellites
which require systematic and consistent development. This will be