Chapter3. Institutional Structure of Space Development
It is important to co-ordinate Japan's space development and
utilization activities with one body, and increasing their efficiency by
devising a definite plan. In this context, NASDA and ISAS, Japan's space
development and implementing agencies, will be consolidated. This move will
enhance their technological ability, and their cooperative relations with
other organizations, and improve the efficient development of space.
There is also a growing need to improve cooperation between space science
and practical space application. Closer and more efficient relations between
NASDA and ISAS, which play leading roles in their own fields, will be ensured
in the fields of moon exploration, space environment utilization, and others.
||The Space Activities Commission will be
given more power to formulate important policies, to coordinate different
policies presented by relevant government agencies, and to evaluate
new or on-going space projects.
The administration of the government agencies will also be improved.
||Research into satellites (including the
space station) is performed by user agencies and NASDA, based upon
requests from user agencies circumstances. NASDA is responsible for
projects in the "development" phase. However, development
of mission devices like observation sensors and element devices related
to the satellite bus may be also performed by users, if the users
wish to and have the necessary technological competence. NASDA will,
not only upgrade its technological capacity to meet relevant agencies'
requests, but also strengthen its institutional systems including
the research system open to other institutes.
These development agencies will keep in mind the importance of ensuring
healthy development of our satellite manufacturing industry. They
will also make efforts to shorten the development period, reduce its
cost, simplify project management methods, and diffuse results obtained
by their development methods .
On the other hand, satellite development in space science will be
performed in principle by ISAS since such development is closely related
to space research activity. The development system in this field will
be strengthened, to attain the most advanced scientific objectives.
||The development of the satellite launch
vehicle will be conducted by NASDA. NASDA will increase its technological
abilities and improve its ability to meet other agencies' requests.
ISAS will continue to develop the M-V launch vehicle, one of the M
series launch vehicles , while paying due attention to the suitability
of the launch site at its Kagoshima Space Center, and to its ability
to develop all stages of a solid fuel rocket.
Since it is appropriate to make use of NASDA's rockets for space science
missions, large science missions beyond the capacity of the M-V rocket
apart from international missions will be launched by NASDA's rockets.
NASDA's rockets are the most valuable space transportation systems
||NASDA and the user agencies, jointly or
individually, will expand the use of Earth observation systems and
Earth sciences, and upgrade their applications.
Universities, national laboratories, and private bodies will take
a broader approach to the use of space. At the same time, NASDA will
take either tackle the field jointly with those institutes, or on
its own. With a view to ensuring more efficient and wider use of JEM,
NASDA will also reinforce its supporting systems to meet researchers'
||NASDA will provide tracking services to
determine satellite orbits. When users have tracking and control facilities
for their satellites or deep space probes, it is important to ensure
those facilities keep in close contact with NASDA's facilities. Better
communication systems centering on NASDA will be established for this
kind of tracking activity.
Orbital satellite control services will be performed by the satellite
operator. However, if the operator has no proper means to control
the satellite, the tracking and control services will be provided
||The national laboratories and research
institutes working on space development will promote their research
on satellites, rockets, and so on, as well as related development
and application technologies. Simultaneously, these institutes will
cooperate with the development efforts of NASDA, and will refurbish
their facilities for this purpose. Special research programs of these
institutes will be strengthened.
||Universities (including ISAS) will be expected
to conduct research using satellites, rockets and so on, and to cooperate
with NASDA's development work.
||In light of the growing important role
of the private sector for space development, R & D facilities
and research personnel in the private sector are to upgrade their
technological capacity and to take part in government projects. In
particular, space manufacturers and users will be expected to enhance
their technological base, with a view to future commercial launch
services, improved satellite development and manufacturing, and effective
use of space.