||RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION
SEC. 301. CONTINUED FEDERAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
||ROLES OF NASA AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.-
||The Administrator and the Secretary of Defense
are directed to continue and to enhance programs of remote sensing
research and development.
||The Administrator is authorized and encouraged
||conduct experimental space remote sensing
programs (including applications demonstration programs
and basic research at universities);
||develop remote sensing technologies and
techniques, including those needed for monitoring the
Earth and its environment; and
||conduct such research and development in
cooperation with other United States Government agencies
and with public and private research entities (including
private industry, universities, non-profit organizations,
State and local governments, foreign governments, and
international organizations) and to enter into arrangements
(including joint ventures) which will foster such cooperation.
||ROLES OF DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND DEPARTMENT OF
||In order to enhance the ability of the United
States to manage and utilize its renewable and nonrenewable
resources, the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of
the Interior are authorized and encouraged to conduct programs
of research and development in the applications of remote sensing
using funds appropriated for such purposes.
||Such programs may include basic research at universities,
demonstrations of applications, and cooperative activities involving
other Government agencies, private sector parties, and foreign
and international organizations.
||ROLE OF OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES.-Other United States
Government agencies are authorized and encouraged to conduct research
and development on the use of remote sensing in the fulfillment of
their authorized missions, using funds appropriated for such purposes.
SEC. 302. AVAILABILITY OF FEDERALLY GATHERED UNENHANCED DATA.
||GENERAL RULE.-All unenhanced land remote sensing data
gathered and owned by the United States Government, including unenhanced
data gathered under the technology demonstration program carried out
pursuant to section 303, shall be made available to users in a timely
||PROTECTION FOR COMMERCIAL DATA DISTRIBUTOR.-The President
shall seek to ensure that unenhanced data gathered under the technology
demonstration program carried out pursuant to section 303 shall, to
the extent practicable, be made available on terms that would not
adversely effect the commercial market for unenhanced data gathered
by the Landsat 6 spacecraft.
SEC. 303. TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
||ESTABLISHMENT.-As a fundamental component of a national
land remote sensing strategy, the President shall establish, through
appropriate United States Government agencies, a technology demonstration
program. The goals of such programs shall be to-
||seek to launch advanced land remote sensing system
components within 5 years after the date of the enactment of
||demonstrate within such 5-year period advanced
sensor capabilities suitable for use in the anticipated land
remote sensing program; and
||demonstrate within such 5-year period an advanced
land remote sensing system design that could be less expensive
to procure and operate than the Landsat system projected to
be in operation through the year 2000, and that therefore holds
greater potential for private sector investment and control.
||EXECUTION OF PROGRAM.-In executing the technology demonstration
program, the President shall seek to apply technologies associated
with United States National Technical Means of intelligence gathering,
to the extent that such technologies are appropriate for the technology
demonstration and can be declassified for such purposes without causing
adverse harm to United States national security interests.
||BROAD APPLICATION.-To the greatest extent practicable,
the technology demonstration program established under subsection
(a) shall be designed to be responsive to the broad civilian, national
security, commercial, and foreign policy needs of the United States.
||PRIVATE SECTOR FUNDING.-The technology demonstration
program under this section may be carried out in part with private
||LANDSAT PROGRAM MANAGEMENT COORDINATION.-The Landsat
Program Management shall have a coordinating role in the technology
demonstration program carried out under this section.
||REPORT TO CONGRESS.-The President shall assess the progress
of the technology demonstration program under this section and, within
2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, submit a report to
the Congress on such progress.