Article 3 - Management|
RSA is responsible for management of its
activities in accordance with this Agreement, and NASA is responsible for
management of its activities in accordance with this Agreement, the IGA and the
memoranda of understanding between NASA and the Cooperating Agencies of the
Space Station Partners, and implementing arrangements under the IGA and the
memoranda of understanding. Program management activities during the initial
cooperation under this Agreement will be consistent with the Addendum.
The NASA Space Station Program Director at
NASA Headquarters and the RSA Deputy General Director in Moscow will be
responsible for their respective activities.
The NASA Space Station Program Manager at
the Johnson Space Center and the RSA Deputy Division Chief in Moscow will
implement their respective activities under the direction of their respective
For initial cooperation under this
Agreement, in accordance with Article 1, this Article establishes the
management mechanisms to coordinate the respective design and development
activities of NASA and RSA, to establish applicable requirements, to assure
appropriate technical, operational, utilization, safety, and other activities,
to establish interfaces between the Space Station elements, to review
decisions, to establish schedules, to review the status of the activities, to
report progress and to resolve issues and disputes as they may arise.
The NASA-RSA Program Coordination
Committee (PCC), co-chaired by the NASA Space Station Program Director and the
RSA Deputy General Director, will meet periodically or at the request of either
Party to review the Parties' respective activities. The Co-Chairman will
together take those decisions necessary to assure implementation of the
cooperative activities related to Space Station flight elements and to Space
Station-unique ground elements provided by the Parties. In taking decisions
regarding design and development, the NASA-RSA PCC will consider operation and
utilization impacts, and will also consider design and development
recommendations from the Multilateral Coordination Board (MCB) described below.
However, decisions regarding operation and utilization activities will be taken
by the MCB. The NASA-RSA PCC Co-Chairman will decide on the location and timing
of the meetings. If the Co-Chairman agree that a specific issue or decision
requires consideration by a Cooperating Agency of the Space Station Partners at
the PCC level, the NASA-RSA PCC may meet jointly with the NASA-ESA PCC, the
NASA-GOJ PCC, and/or the NASA-CSA PCC.
Space Station requirements, configuration,
housekeeping resource allocations for design purposes, and element interfaces;
Space Station activities through the completion of assembly and initial
operational verification and other Space Station configuration control
activities will be controlled by the Space Station Control Board (SSCB) chaired
RSA will participate on an equal basis with
members of the SSCB and on such subordinate boards thereof as may be agreed,
attending and participating when these boards consider items which affect the
RSA-provided elements, interfaces between the NASA-provided and the
RSA-provided elements, and interfaces between the RSA-provided elements and
elements provided by the Cooperating Agencies of Space Station Partners.
Decisions by the SSCB Chairman may be appealed to the NASA-RSA PCC, although it
is the duty of the SSCB Chairman to make every effort to reach consensus with
RSA rather than have RSA refer issues to the NASA-RSA PCC. Such appeals will be
made and processed expeditiously. Pending resolution of appeals, RSA need not
proceed with the implementation of a SSCB decision as far as its provided
elements are concerned; NASA may, however, proceed with a SSCB decision as far
as its provided elements are concerned. NASA will participate on RSA Space
Station control boards, and on such subordinate boards thereof as may be
agreed, attending as appropriate.
The Space Station System Specification and
any modifications thereto, signed by the NASA Space Station Program Manager,
the RSA Deputy General Director, and their counterparts in the Cooperating
Agencies of the Space Station Partners, and approved by the SSCB, contain the
requirements related to elements provided by the Parties, and the Cooperating
Agencies of the Space Station Partners.
The Parties will work through the above
management mechanisms to seek agreement on a case-by-case basis with the
intention to use interchangeable hardware and software to the maximum extent
possible in order to promote efficient and effective Space Station operations,
including reducing the burden on the Space Station logistics system.
The NASA Space Station Program Office and
the RSA Division for Manned Space Flight are responsible for NASA-RSA technical
liaison activities. In order to facilitate the working relationships between
the NASA Program Office in Houston and RSA, RSA will provide, and NASA will
accommodate, the RSA liaison to the NASA Space Station Program Office.
Similarly, NASA will provide and RSA will provide support for accommodation of
the NASA liaison to the RSA in Moscow. RSA may also provide additional
representative(s) to NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC, to further facilitate
the program working relationships. Arrangements specifying conditions relating
to the liaison relationships will be agreed to by the Co-Chairman of the
RSA will participate in selected NASA
reviews on Space Station requirements, architecture and interfaces. Similarly,
NASA will participate in selected RSA reviews; the Cooperating Agencies of the
Space Station Partners will participate as appropriate.
Each Party has responsibilities regarding
the management of its respective operations and utilization activities and the
overall Space Station operations and utilization activities, in accordance with
the provisions of this Agreement. Activities under this agreement will comprise
long-range planning and top-level direction and coordination which will be
performed by the strategic-level organizations, and which will be consistent
with the Addendum. Operations plans will be developed by the Parties. These
plans will include any necessary contingency plans for the safe and efficient
operation of the Space Station while on-orbit. They will also outline the
division of responsibilities of the Parties, taking into account RSA's
particular operations capabilities during Phase 2, in the framework of a
unified command and control center concept as outlined in the Addendum.
The Multilateral Coordination Board
(MCB), an established Space Station management body, meets periodically or
promptly at the request of the Parties or a Cooperating Agency of the Space
Station Partners with the task to ensure coordination of activities related to
the operation and utilization of the Space Station. The Parties to this
Agreement and the Cooperating Agencies of the Space Station Partners will plan
and coordinate activities affecting the safe, efficient and effective operation
and utilization of the Space Station through the MCB, except as otherwise
specifically provided in this Agreement. The MCB will comprise the NASA Space
Station Program Director; the RSA Deputy General Director; the STA
Director-General of the Research and Development Bureau; the ESA Columbus
Programme Department Head; and the CSA Vice President for Human Spaceflight.
The NASA Space Station Program Director will chair the MCB. The Parties agree
that all MCB decisions should be made by consensus. However, where consensus
cannot be achieved on any specific issue within the purview of the MCB within
the time required, the issue will be resolved on the basis of the principles
which govern the MCB.
The MCB has established Panels
responsible for the long-range strategic coordination of the operation and
utilization of the Space Station, called the System Operations Panel (SOP) and
the User Operations Panel (UOP) respectively. The MCB approves, on an annual
basis, a Connoneated Operations and Utilization Plan (COUP) for the Space
Station based on the annual Composite Operations Plan and the annual Composite
Utilization Plan developed by the Panels. In doing so, the MCB will be
responsible for resolving any conflicts between the Composite Operations Plan
and the Composite Utilization Plan which cannot be resolved by the Panels. The
COUP will be prepared by the User Operations Panel and agreed to by the System
Operations Panel. The COUP will be implemented by the appropriate tactical and
execution-level organizations. Any portions of a COUP which cover activities
prior to Assembly Complete plus one year of initial operational verification
will be subject to adjustments by the SSCB that are required to assemble,
verify, operate and maintain the Space Station.
The Parties will use their best efforts,
in consultation with the Cooperating Agencies of the Space Station Partners, to
incorporate any necessary changes in management operation within the framework
of the management structure to reflect the expanded number of partners in the
Space Station program.