Global warming has become a very serious issue for human beings. Scientists have suggested that, at the rate the Earth’s temperature is rising, an extreme form of global climate change could occur in a few centuries.
In 1997, the Kyoto Protocol was adopted at the Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP3), making it mandatory for developed nations to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by six to eight per cent of their total emissions in 1990, and to meet this goal sometime between 2008 and 2012.
Furthermore, the Global Climate Observation System (GCOS) has been proposed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in order to strengthen observations of land, ocean, and space conducted by each country.
So far, the number of ground-based carbon dioxide observation points has been limited, and they have been distributed unequally throughout the world. "IBUKI" will enable the precise monitoring of the density of carbon dioxide by combining global observation data sent from space with data obtained on land, and with simulation models.
In addition, observation of methane, another Greenhouse gas, has been considered.
|International Designation Code||2009-002A|
|Launch Date||12:54, January 23, 2009 (JST)|
|Launch Vehicle||H-IIA Launch Vehicle No.15|
|Location||Tanegashima Space Center|
2 box shape with wing-type solar array paddles
|Inclination||Approx. 98 degrees|
|Period||Approx. 98 minutes|
Aug. 6, 2008
To Preserve Our Earth