| (19) CONVENTION ON THE TRANSFER AND USE OF DATA OF
THE REMOTE SENSING OF THE EARTH FROM OUTER SPACE(Entered into Force Auguest
The States Parties to this Convention, hereinafter referred to as the "Contracting Parties",
considering that outer space is free for use by all States without discrimination of any kind, on a basis of equality and in accordance with international law, including the Charter of the United Nations and the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, for the purpose of carrying on activities in the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space;
believing that in carrying on such activities the sovereign rights of States, in particular their inalienable right to dispose of their natural resources and of information concerning those resources, should be respected;
reaffirming that activities in the field of the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space and international co-operation to this end should promote peace and understanding among States and be carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all peoples irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development;
convinced that space technology can provide new valuable information necessary for the exploration of the natural resources of the Earth, geology, agriculture, forestry, hydrology, oceanography, geography and cartography, meteorology, environmental control, and for the solution of other problems connected with the systematic exploration of the Earth and is surrounding space in the interests of science and the economic activities of states;
determined to create favourable conditions and necessary technical and economic prerequisites for expanding co-operation in the effective practical use of data of the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space,
Have agreed as follows:
For the purposes of this Convention:
The Contracting Parties shall co-operate with each other in the transfer and use of data of the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space.
The specific list, technical parameters, the volume of the said data, the time-table of their receipt and conditions of the transfer as well as the degree of participation of the Contracting Parties concerned in their processing and thematic interpretation shall be determined by agreement between the Contracting Parties concerned on a bilateral or multilateral basis.
A Contracting Party in possession of initial data of the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space, with a better than 50 metres resolution on the terrain, relating to the territory of another Contracting Party, shall not disclose or make them available to anyone except with an explicit consent thereto of the Contracting Party to which the sensed territories belong, nor shall it use them or any other data in any way to the detriment of that Contracting Party.
A Contracting Party that has obtained as a result of the deciphering and thematic interpretation of any data of the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space information about the natural resources or the economic potential of another Contracting Party shall not disclose such information or make it available to anyone except with an explicit consent thereto of the Contracting Party to which the sensed territories and natural resources belong, nor shall it use such or any other information in any way to the detriment of that Contracting Party.
The Contracting Parties shall bear responsibility for national activities in the use of data of the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space relating to the territories of other Contracting Parties.
The Contracting Parties shall co-operate, subject to agreement on a bilateral or multilateral basis, in elaborating and developing technical means and methods necessary for taking measurements, the processing and thematic interpretation of the data obtained from the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space, as well as in training appropriate personnel for making an early and most efficient practical use of modern space technology and data of the remote sensing of the Earth from outer space.
Any Contracting Party may propose amendments to this Convention. Amendments shall enter into force for each Contracting Party accepting the amendments upon their approval by two-thirds of the Contracting Parties. An amendment that has entered into force becomes binding upon the other Contracting Parties upon their acceptance of such amendment.
This Convention is drawn up in four copies in the Russian, English, French and Spanish languages, all of the texts being equally authentic.